You may visit the Temple Mount during specific opening hours in the morning or in the afternoon. Non-muslims without permission can’t enter into the Dome or Al Aqsa mosque.
The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine which worships the holy rock of Abraham.
It is said that it remains Muhammad’s footprint and the angel Gabriel’s handprint on the rock since the Prophet ascended to Heaven being accompanied by the angel.
On the other hand, for the Jews, the “rock” is the side where Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac.
History of the Dome of the Rock
Mohammed told to Abu Bakr, his trusted advisor, that he had traveled to Jerusalem then up to the heaven and seen God last night.
Muslims believed the story and called it a miracle of Isra and Mi’raj.
After conquering Jerusalem, the second caliph Umar “found” the rock in the rocky wilderness.
691 – 692
Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, the 5th Umayyad caliph, started up a cultural industry aiming to an Arab origin civilization like Persian or Egyptian.
Then, the Dome of the Rock was constructed to cover the rock.
Although Islam during that period rapidly extends its power from the Arabian Peninsula, its culture was still inferior to the Persians or the Egyptians who were ruled. Because of that, he wanted to show the higher status as a ruler.
Reference: Sekaishi-gekijo Isram sekai no kigen
The Temple Mount
- Opening Hours *According to Tourist Israel
- Winter: 7:30 am – 10:30 am and 12:30pm – 1:30 pm
- Summer: 8:30am – 11:30am and 1:30pm – 2:30pm
- Admission Free